#2 2012 (35)
ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE PUSHKIN FINE ARTS MUSEUM
The work of the great Italian artist Caravaggio, who lived at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, was shown for the first time in Russia, with an exhibition of 11 paintings at Moscow's Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts that opened at the end of 2011; it included some of his most celebrated works central to his heritage.
ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE PUSHKIN FINE ARTS MUSEUM
The Spanish Collection -
Picasso, Dali, Miró, Gris, Clavé, Tàpies,
at the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum
The collections of artists' books amassed by Boris Friedman and George Gens are probably the fullest of their kind in Russia. There comes a point in the life of many collectors when they feel the urge to make the riches at their disposal available to the public. Such were the motives of Friedman, when he approached the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum with a suggestion for cooperation. The museum was pleased to accept: the material on offer was of extremely high quality, and such projects have undoubted educational value. On show from February to the end of March 2012, it was the first an exhibition of its kind in Russia.
Like many of his compatriots, the painter Nicolai Fechin (Feshin) (1881-1955), following the 1917 October revolution, emigrated from Russia. A similar fate awaited Konstantin Somov, Konstantin Korovin, Mikhail Larionov, Natalya Goncharova, Marc Chagall, Yury Annenkov, David Burliuk and hundreds of other Russian artists, musicians, writers, actors and philosophers. Even as emigres, however, these people did not lose their connection with Russia's culture and traditions, remaining faithful to their historical roots throughout their lives.
The sculptor Anna Golubkina is an outstanding Russian artist of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Although her work has always been the subject of scholarly study, there still remains much to learn. An unexplored but distinctive and unexpected phenomenon in Golubkina's art — she generally gravitated towards monumental forms of sculpture — is represented by her cameos, made from seashell and ivory. Initial efforts to estimate the total number of these miniatures, which were created over many years, and understand their significance in Golubkina's work, led to the conclusion that carving cameos was a modest "parallel" occupation which existed alongside her more renowned and innovative work in sculpture.
THE EXHIBITION "BORIS KOSAREV: MODERNIST KHARKIV 1915-1931" AT THE UKRAINIAN MUSEUM IN NEW YORK EXPLORES THE DESTINIES OF KHARKOV MODERNISM THROUGH THE LIFE AND ARTWORK OF ONE OF ITS MOST PRE-EMINENT FIGURES. THE TALLY OF YEARS, AS ON A TOMBSTONE, DEFINES THE BRIEF PERIOD OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FLOURISHING OF MODERNISM IN KHARKOV.
This summer for five months, London's Tate Modern is staging a major retrospective of Damien Hirst's work; despite mixed reviews, the show has become a star attraction on a par with the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations and the London Olympics. To get in people are queuing for hours; perhaps they want to inhale the sweet smell of success or find out what makes the work so valuable. Either way it provides an opportunity to reappraise the achievements of an artist who is (in)famous in his own right, but who also masterminded the early success of the graduates who came to be known as the Young British Artists (YBAs) and who dramatically changed the London art scene in the early 1990s.
ART SCHOOLS OF RUSSIA
Sergei Andriaka's Moscow School of Watercolour Painting and its Museum and Exhibition Centre opened in 1999, with Andriaka as its artistic director. The school's workshops are intended for a small number of students, and the teacher's studios are located next to them. In order to promote the use of glaze watercolour technique in the related decorative arts, such as painting on porcelain, enamel miniature, and combining watercolour painting with etching, the school opened its own etching, ceramics and jewellery workshops. The school's museum and exhibition centre presents shows of the students' and teachers' works. Andriaka — a People's Artist of Russia and Member of the Russian Academy of Arts, artistic director of the School of Watercolour Painting, rector of the Watercolour and Fine Arts Academy, watercolour artist and teacher — told us about his School of Watercolour Painting and the newly-opened academy.
The age when Russia fought against Napoleon presented through artefacts from the Pushkin Museum and the collection of Alexander Vasiliev
The Pushkin Museum is one of the first museums to begin the commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the war against Napoleon, this landmark event in Russian history — the Patriotic War of 1812 — with the museum's new project "TIME OF GLORY AND ELATION!". The developments in and around the year 1812 had a special importance for Pushkin both as an individual and as a writer. This age of huge upheaval became for the poet one of the main sources of inspiration and focused his reflection on the destinies of humankind, his motherland and the world. A whole series of his masterpieces in poetry and prose (from the youthful "Recollections about Tsarskoe Selo" to the philosophical "The Commander") directly or indirectly address the era that remains embedded in the memory of almost all citizens of Russia. The circle of his family and friends included many people who had participated in the heroic battles of the Great European War of 1812-1815.
19th- and 20th-century paintings, drawings and sculpture from the Pushkin Museum
Virtually all major Russian artists from the 19th to the 21st century have in their time turned to the theme of Alexander Pushkin in their art. Orest Kiprensky, Vasily Tropinin, Ivan Aivazovsky and Nikolai Ghe; Ilya Repin and Valentin Serov; Mark Antokolsky and Paolo Troubetzkoy; Vladimir Favorsky and Alexei Kravchenko; Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin and Arkady Plastov; Mikhail Anikushin and Yekaterina Belashova; Konstantin Yuon, Vitaly Goryayev, Vasily Shukhaev, Nikolai Ulyanov, Viktor Popkov, Pyotr Ossovsky, Igor Obrosov and countless others have been inspired by the poet over the years.
Pierre Cardin, one of the most celebrated representatives of contemporary art and culture, a Commander of the Legion of Honour, world-famous couturier, designer, architect, creator of opera and ballet productions, an individual of universal talent and a great friend of Russia, marked his 90th birthday on July 2. The Editorial Board of the Tretyakov Gallery magazine is honoured to offer our heartfelt congratulations along the numerous good wishes that the Maestro has received from various countries, governmental and public organizations, from his many friends, colleagues and admirers.