TEACHERS AND DISCIPLES
Pedagogical Reformers. HOW VASILY POLENOV APPLIED THE TEACHING PRINCIPLES OF PAVEL CHISTYAKOV
#3 2019 (64)
The pedagogical innovations of Pavel Chistyakov (1832-1919) played a key role in the development of realism in Russian art of the second half of the 19th century, in particular in helping it to overcome the inertia of academicism. Vasily Polenov was one of Chistyakov’s key followers in the field of artistic education, developing new models of teaching at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
ART COLLECTORS AND PATRONS
#1 2017 (54)
“Among other nonsense (as well as certain justified criticisms), I hear that Gaivazovsky paints too quickly and sloppily. His works are more like stage sets than paintings, they say. I no longer have the energy to refute these accusations; I can only remark sorrowfully that ‘at least the stage sets are delightful, you must concur.’” In such terms, without hiding his sincere chagrin, the well-known patron of the arts Alexei Tomilov wrote in 1842 to the marine painter Ivan Aivazovsky, who was, by then, acquiring a reputation in Europe