Tatiana Yudenkova

CHINA - RUSSIA: ON THE CROSSROADS OF CULTURES

Zelfira Tregulova, Tatyana Yudenkova
The Tretyakov Gallery. YESTERDAY, TODAY, TOMORROW

#3 2017 (56)

Founded at the end of the 19 th century by the Moscow merchants and art- collectors Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov, Russia’s largest museum of national art has became a symbol of the country’s consciousness and culture. Pavel Mikhailovich (1832-1898), the elder brother, remains much better-known than his younger sibling, and the Tretyakov Gallery directly owes its existence to him. Pavel Tretyakov made a promise to himself to establish in his native city “a National Gallery, in other words a gallery containing the works of Russian artists”[1] and worked relentlessly toward that goal all his life. He passed on his enthusiasm to his younger brother, Sergei Mikhailovich (1834-1892), who became one of the outstanding collectors of his era, assembling an unique collection of 19th century European paintings. In 1892, Pavel bequeathed to the city of Moscow both his own and his brother’s collections. It was an extraordinary precedent in the history of Russian philanthropy, and the united collection was officially named the “Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov City Gallery of Art”, becoming the nation’s major museum of the era.

HERITAGE

Tatiana Yudenkova
Pride of the Nation
Pavel Tretyakov's Gallery of Portraits

№3 2012 (36)

Among the names that Pavel Tretyakov immortalised in his gallery of Russian national art are many that remain synonymous of Russian culture today: Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Nekrasov, Shevchenko, Griboedov, Chekhov and many others. But we should clearly understand that the collector selected such figures relying entirely on his own judgement, while his contemporaries often could not reach consensus regarding the stature of particular Russian cultural figures whom we call today, without hesitation, "individuals that the nation holds dear to its heart".

CURRENT EXHIBITIONS

Tatiana Yudenkova
Pavel Tretyakov and Nikolai Ge

№3 2011 (32)

The relationship between Pavel Tretyakov and Nikolai Ge has never been examined in any detail in publications devoted to the art collector. Alexandra Botkina barely touches upon the subject in her memoir, while Sofia Goldstein states definitely that Ge's late work, so highly valued by Leo Tolstoy, was never appreciated by Tretyakov. When art experts write about Ge, they stress that the master's art stood alone as original and ahead of its time, deeming the details of the relationship between the artist and the collector less of a priority.

EXCLUSIVE PUBLICATIONS

Tatiana Yudenkova
Sergei Tretyakov: Aspects of a Biography Recovered

№1 2010 (26)

The 175th anniversary last year of the birth of Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov (1834-1892) saw the publication of several works focused on the life and activities of this collector and patron of arts, public benefactor and community leader, who was chief of the Moscow city administration. These works not only summarized previous scholarship but also brought to light new facts, and one might think that all the accomplishments of this outstanding individual are now well known. However, even today we continue to learn about the younger Tretyakov brother, and his good deeds that remained in oblivion for more than a century. It transpires that many of the remarkable events of his life are known neither to experts nor to art aficionados. One such example is Sergei Tretyakov´s participation in an important project linking two nations, Russia and Bulgaria.

EXCLUSIVE PUBLICATIONS

Tatiana Yudenkova
Sergei Tretyakov: “Aspired to Serve the Community…” . On the 175th anniversary of Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov

№1 2009 (22)

The name of Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov (1834-1892) is not well-known, even though his collection of Western European works of art was the origin of the collection of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. More often, his name is recalled only in connection with that of his elder brother Pavel. Yet, during the Tretyakov brothersʼ lifetime, Sergei enjoyed more fame than his brother. At that time, Pavel – the owner of Moscowʼs renowned art gallery – introduced himself to fellow citizens as “the Mayorʼs brother”. When one brother was mentioned, another was also present on the scene, albeit invisible. Throughout their lives, Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov supported and advised each other. The brothers shared common interests and did much work for the benefit of their country. It is possible to say that they “walked along the path of life hand in hand” – so much was shared in common – yet each one of them left his own imprint on the history of Russian art and of their home town.

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