№1 2003 (01)

RUSSIA'S GOLDEN MAP

G. Andreeva
RUSSIA'S GOLDEN MAP

Among Russia’s national art museums the Tretyakov Gallery has a very special place. It can be rightfully deemed the "number one" such institution, both from the time of its foundation and for its role in the rise of the nation’s self-consciousness – if the country’s history is traced with reference to the most brilliant and, no less importantly, the most typically Russian phenomena of its national culture, as well as those which have gained worldwide renown. For all Russians and foreigners who have ever had the chance to familiarize themselves with the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery, this is a wonderful and exciting voyage of travel to Russia, unmatched in terms of the volume of impressions and knowledge acquired. The Russian masterpieces, so carefully kept in the Gallery, vividly demonstrate the traits of the Russian mentality and mind-set. In the Gallery’s halls, one comes to perceive the inseparable links between the Russian artistic school and the European artistic process, as well as its distinctive and truly unique nature.

N. Tolstaya
STATE SARATOV MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS named after A.N.Radishchev

In 1877 Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov, a famous landscape painter and picture-collector, addressed the Saratov City Duma to offer his collection to the city in order to found an art museum. It was not by chance that Bogolyubov chose Saratov, since his grandfather, Alexander Nikolayevich Radishchev, an acclaimed writer and publicist of the 18th century, was born in the Saratov province. The latter was famous for his book "Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow", in which the Empress Catherine the Second to her great dissatisfaction saw a revolutionary message.

NEW ACQUISITIONS

H. BECHTIEVA
BRULLOV: A MADEIRA DISCOVERY

AUGUST 25 TURNED OUT TO BE A VERY SPECIAL DAY – THAT ON WHICH MARIA MARGARIDA AZHEVEDU E. LE-MOS GOMES CLOUDE HANDED OVER TO V.A. RODIONOV, THE GENERAL DIRECTOR OF THE STATE TRETYAKOV GALLERY, KARL BRULLOV’S PICTURE "THE VIEW OF FORT PICO ON THE ISLAND OF MADEIRA" AT THE RUSSIAN EMBASSY IN LISBON, PORTUGAL.

THEORY

A. MOROZOV
RUSSIAN IMRESSIONISM. REFLECTIONS AFTER AN EXHIBITION

WE COULD NEVER HAVE EVEN IMAGINED THAT WAYS OF RUSSIAN IMPRESSIONISM MIGHT BE MET WITH SUCH MISUNDERSTANDING AND EVEN ANTAGONISM. OF COURSE, WE HAD REALIZED THAT THE PROJECT MIGHT FALL OUTSIDE THE MAINSTREAM TOPICS WHICH OUGHT TO BE CONSIDERED "IMPORTANT" IN THE POST-SOVIET HISTORY OF ART. BUT, IN THE FIRST PLACE, THE EXHIBITION HAD BEEN DEVISED FOR A VERY IMPORTANT OCCASION – TO MARK THE CENTENARY OF THE UNION OF RUSSIAN ARTISTS. SECONDLY, IT WAS ONLY RECENTLY THAT THE ZEALOTS OF THE IDEA OF "IMPORTANT ARTS" REMEMBERED ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF PAINTING. AND, LAST BUT NOT LEAST, THE TRETYAKOV GALLERY DID NOT MEAN TO PRESENT THE RUSSIAN TRADITION OF PAINTING AS A PEAK OF PERFECTION. NOT AT ALL: THE PROJECT WAS MEANT TO COMPLEMENT OTHER EXHIBITIONS COVERING OTHER TRENDS, SUCH AS MOSCOW ABSTRACT ART 1950–2000 OR AVANT-GARDE ART ON THE NEVA RIVER AND THE LIKE.

THEORY

V. TOURCHIN
CUBISME + КУБИЗМ + KUBISMUS = …

Comprising about 170 paintings, drawings and prints, including outstanding works on loan from many of Europe's most important museums, the exhibitions impressively visualize the interaction between Russian Cubism and the predominantly French Cubist movement in Western Europe. Thus, following its significant exhibition of Italian Futurism in 2001, the Sprengel Museum in Hannover and the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow documented, in the equally comprehensive exhibitions, a further international artistic movement of the beginning of the 20th century. As the first modern art movement of the 20th century in Western Europe, Cubism immediately became known through such famous artists as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Juan Gris, above all in Russia, but also in Germany. Confrontation with early Cubism as a movement that waived realistic depiction and divided the subject matter into geometrical, primarily cubic shapes decisively triggered the development of avant-garde ways of thinking in Russia and resulted in the abstract movements of Suprematism and Constructivism and, ultimately, in a return to representational principles.

EXCLUSIVE PUBLICATIONS

A. SHATSKIKH
MARC CHAGALL ANIMATES GOGOL'S "DEAD SOULS"

MARC CHAGALL’S ARTISTIC HERITAGE IS REALLY ILLUSTRIOUS, DISTINGUISHED AND RENOWNED, AND THESE ARE NOT MERE WORDS. BUT STILL SOME OF HIS CREATIVE RESULTS ARE ABSOLUTELY NOTABLE. CHAGALL’S THREE GRAPHIC CYCLES, MADE BY THE ORDER OF THE FRENCH MARCHAND, ART DEALER AND PUBLISHER AMBROISE VOLLARD STAND APART FROM ALL CHAGALL’S CREATIVE ACTIVITY, SPARKLING LIKE THE THREE GREAT DIAMONDS FACETED BY THE ARTIST’S KEEN SIGHT, HIS STRONG AND STEADY HAND HOLDING A DRY POINT OR A NEEDLE.

EXCLUSIVE PUBLICATIONS

T. GORYACHEVA
THE ALMANAC "UNOVIS"- A CHRONICLE OF MALEVICH'S VITEBSK EXPERIMENT Д.ШАХОВСКОЙ D.SHAKHOVSKOY

IT WAS IN JUNE 1920 THAT THE GROUP UNOVIS ("AFFIRMERS OF THE NEW ART"), CENTRED AROUND THE FIGURE OF MALEVICH, ISSUED FIVE TYPED COPIES OF THE ALMANAC OF THE SAME NAME, CONTAINING ARTICLES, MANIFESTS, DECLARATIONS AND DRAWINGS BY ITS MEMBERS. IT IS KNOWN THAT ONLY TWO COPIES HAVE SURVIVED: ONE OF THEM WAS PRESENTED BY MALEVICH TO DAVID SHTERENBERG, AND THEN SOLD BY HIS HEIRS TO A PRIVATE COLLECTOR; THE OTHER, WHICH HAD BELONGED TO EL LISSITSKY, WAS DONATED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF MANUSCRIPTS OF THE TRETYAKOV GALLERY BY S.LISSITSKY-KYUPERS IN 1959. THERE IS NO INFORMATION ABOUT THE OTHER THREE COPIES.

INTERNATIONAL PANORAMA

N. VOISKOUNSKI
EXPECTATIONS & DISILLUSIONS. 50TH BIENNALE DI VENEZIA

IT WAS MY FIRST "BUSINESS TRIP" TO VENICE, THOUGH I GUESS NO BUSINESS TRIP TO VENICE IS ONLY BUSINESS. THE IMPACT OF THE CITY IS SO GREAT AND HILARIOUS THAT YOU CAN’T AVOID THE MOST PLEASANT CONTACTS WITH THIS FAIRY-TALE, ALWAYS OVERCROWDED & BUSY PLACE AMIDST THE WATERS. I DID NOT WITNESS THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE BIENNALE, BUT NOW, HAVING VISITED ALL THE EVENTS, EXHIBITIONS AND PAVILIONS I DO BELIEVE MR. HOWARD JACOBSON WRITING "MY VENICE BIENNALE HELL" FOR THE GUARDIAN THAT THE PEOPLE PARTICIPATING IN THE OPENING CEREMONY WERE IF NOT MUCH MORE THEN AT LEAST NO LESS INTERESTING, ATTRACTIVE, FASCINATING AND SOPHISTICATED THAN THE EXHIBITION ITSELF. AS HE PUT IT: "ART IN QUANTITY – BLACK BOX, VIDEO, CAR-BOOT-SALE INSTALLATION ART - IS NOT A PRETTY SIGHT."

POINTS OF VIEW

V. DUDAKOV
RUSSIAN PAINTING AND THE BRITISH ARTMARKET

AFTER NEW YORK, LONDON IS THE WORLD’S SECOND LARGEST MARKET FOR PAINTINGS, WATER COLOURS AND DRAWINGS. ANNUALLY, LONDON’S GALLERIES, ART DEALERS AND ESPECIALLY ART AUCTIONS SELL ABOUT TWENTY-FIVE TO THIRTY PERCENT OF THE VALUE OF WORKS OF ART SOLD WORLDWIDE. TO PURCHASE ART AT SOTHEBY’S OR CHRISTIE’S IS CONSIDERED BOTH PRESTIGIOUS AND A GOOD INVESTMENT. RUSSIAN ART IS A SMALL, BUT INCREASINGLY SIGNIFICANT COMMODITY.

MASTERPIECES REBORN

I. SAUTOV
THE REBIRTH OF THE AMBER ROOM

FOR MORE THAN THREE CENTURIES THE AMBER ROOM, A MASTERPIECE OF DECORATIVE APPLIED ART, HAS BEEN THE SUBJECT OF FASCINATION FOR EUROPE, AND REMAINS A UNIQUE PHENOMENON INDEED – SINCE NOBODY HAS SEEN IT FOR ALMOST SIXTY YEARS. ITS HISTORY IS RICH IN ASSOCIATION: FROM THE GREAT PLANS OF PRUSSIAN KINGS TO THE DEVOTION OF RUSSIAN EMPRESSES, FROM THE LOOTING OF THE FASCIST INVADERS TO THE UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPTS, CONTINUING THROUGH UNTIL TODAY, TO LOCATE IT. MAY 2003 MARKED ANOTHER STEP IN ITS HISTORY, WITH THE RESTORATION AND OPENING OF THE CEREMONIAL HALL OF RASTRELLI ’S GOLDEN ENF ILADE, THE AMBER ROOM OF THE CATHERINE PALACE IN TSARSKOYE SELO – A ROYAL GIFT INDEED TO MARK THE CELEBRATION OF ST.PETERSBURG’S TERCENTENARY.

ART COLLECTORS AND PATRONS

V. SEDOVA
"…NOTHING FOR OURSELVES". THE RYABUSHINSKI BROTHERS

What does the world know about the Ryabushinskis? Not only the passage of time, but also the former rulers of their native country, has done everything possible to erase any trace of this large family from the collective memory of the nation.

CURRENT EXHIBITION

T. YERMAKOVA
V. FAVORSKAYA, I. CHEKMAZOV

The Engineer Building of the Tretyakov Gallery invites visitors to the exhibition of Vera Favorskaya (1896–1977) and her husband Ivan Chekmazov (1901–1961). This exhibition shows the artists' works from the collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery and Moscow private collections. The album "Vera Favorskaya and Ivan Chekmazov: A Creative Heritage", which includes Favorskaya’s "Artist's Memoirs" dedicated to the memory of her husband, is published to mark the exhibition.

L. MARTS
D. SHAKHOVSKOY

The State Tretyakov Gallery presents the solo exhibition of sculptures by Dmitry Shakhovskoy, marking the 75th birthday of this Moscow artist. This representative show has gathered together his works from the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum, the Lipetsk State Museum of Fine Arts named after V.S. Sorokin and pieces from the sculptor’s own collection.

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